Mixco Viejo or Jilotepeque Viejo is an archaeological site located in the municipality of San Martín Jilotepeque, northwest of the department of Chimaltenango, 60km from the capital city. Built in the early twelfth century on a hill overlooking the confluence of the Pixcayá and Motagua rivers. The ruins was earlier confused and associated to Postclassic Poqomam capital city, when in fact it was the oldest city of the kingdom of Kaqchikel. Today, it regains its ancient ceremonial city name Chuwa Nimaabj, a victory to the indomitable desire of the Kaqchikel nation to give the identity of the nations of the Mayan people and the real history of the people of Guatemala.
True to its name, Chuwa Nimaabj which means “in front of great stone” in Kaqchikel Mayan language, the site showcases ruins of a great stone fortress surrounded by canyons, with a single entry, which allowed its people of this city to have an advantage over their enemies. In this way, it was easier to protect the city, being able to detect enemy threats ahead as they approached. Also, the location of this Mayan city demonstrates an excellent example of the preferred location of the ancient inhabitants: in the upper part of a valley. It was one of the few that were inhabited and working at the time of the Spanish conquest. The site may originally have served to control the economics of the valley, for a short distance passing the Motagua River, which in ancient times was a trade route for goods to what is now the area of Zacapa and Chiquimula. Vegetation, climate and the nearby river, offer a fairly privileged natural setting. It is quite remarkable the presence of birds, which give a nice spot to enjoy birdwatching. This type of climate is often serves as a bird house for species of vivid and intense colors.
If you’ve visited other archaeological sites with ancient buildings, the first thing that jumps to your eyes is the difference on the style used. It differs from the typical and famous Tikal. The ruins are divided into 15 group, with at least 120 major structures, including temples, palaces, 2 ball courts for Mesoamerican ball game. Mixco Viejo or Jilotepeque Viejo is a fortress of culture and history.
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